Aromatherapy, also referred to as Essential Oil therapy, can be defined as the art and science of utilizing naturally extracted aromatic essences from plants to balance, harmonize and promote the health of body, mind and spirit. It seeks to unify physiological, psychological and spiritual processes to enhance an individual’s innate healing process.
It was the French perfumer and chemist, Rene- Maurice Gattefosse, who coined the term “aromatherapie” in 1937 with his publication of a book by that name. His book “Gattefosse’s Aromatherapy” contains early clinical findings for utilizing essential oils for a range of physiological ailments. It seems vital to understand what Gattefosse’s intention for coining the word was, as he clearly meant to distinguish the medicinal application of essential oils from their perfumery applications.
So we can interpret his coining of the word “Aromatherapie” to mean the therapeutic application or the medicinal use of aromatic substances (essential oils) for holistic healing. As the practice of aromatherapy has progressed, over the years, it has adopted a more holistic approach encompassing the whole body, mind and spirit (energy).
A clinical aromatherapist studies the history of aromatics, botany, holistic health and wellness/integrative therapies, anatomy and physiology of various organ systems, common pathologies of body systems, precautions and safety issues in pregnancy, psychoneuroimmunology, chemistry, safety, role of olfaction on human psychology, applied aromatherapy, blending theory and practice, carrier oils, consultation skills and therapeutic relationship, physical and energetic assessment, ethics and standards of practice, business skills, and research.